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Thread: 2008 RABIES--Report on Adverse Vaccine Reactions in Dogs & Vaccine info

  1. #131
    Senior Member Kris L. Christine's Avatar
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    Judy Schor's agility champion, Peaches, suffered a significant adverse reaction to a rabies booster. Judy has posted photos of Peaches and a letter from the vaccine manufacturer, Fort Dodge, offering a settlement to pay for medical treatment if they not disclose information about the claim. You can read the letter and see photos of Peaches at this link: http://www.facebook.com/album.php?ai...7415540&ref=mf .
    Kris L. Christine
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  2. #132
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    Exclamation RABIES LAWS IN THE 50 UNITED STATES as of 1/3/10

    On The Rabies Challenge Fund Facebook page, I have posted links and quotes to all the state rabies laws, you can access the information at http://www.facebook.com/topic.php?ui...59&topic=11703 .
    Kris L. Christine
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  3. #133
    Senior Member Kris L. Christine's Avatar
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    Default Nashville TN Metro/Davidson County Rabies Ordinance 3 Year

    ALERT: Nashville TN Metro/Davidson County Rabies Ordinance Allows 3 Year Vaccines

    From the Director of Environmental Health for Metro Davidson County on the county rabies ordinance:

    MCL 8.04.040 states "All licenses issued shall be valid for twelve months and shall expire on the last day of the month issued of the following year". The vaccine used, however, can be a one year or three year at the discretion of the vet or owner.

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    If you have any questions about this, please contact the Dr. Brent Hager, Director of Environmental Health at:

    Dr. Brent Hager, Director of Environmental Health
    Metro Public Health Department of Nashville/Davidson County
    311 23rd Avenue North
    Nashville, TN 37203
    615-340-5653 (office phone)
    brent.hager@nashville.gov
    Last edited by Kris L. Christine; 01-06-2010 at 12:49 PM.
    Kris L. Christine
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    www.RabiesChallengeFund.org

  4. #134
    Senior Member Kris L. Christine's Avatar
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    WEST VIRGINIA URGENT-- Contact Legislators and ask them to introduce a bill extending the required rabies vaccination interval to 3 years. (Senate http://www.legis.state.wv.us/Senate1...enmemview.cfm# House http://www.legis.state.wv.us/House/m...elmemview1.cfm ) February 22 is the last date a bill can be introduced this session, and Dr. Gary Kinder, the State Veterinarian e-mailed me on 1/19/10 that "The West Virginia Department of Agriculture (WVDA) will not oppose legislation that will increase the interval for required rabies vaccination from two years to three years for dogs and cats residing in West Virginia. " He did not say that his department would introduce such a bill, however, so in order for the West Virginia rabies law to be amended to the 3 year national standard, a Senator or Delegate will have to introduce the bill on behalf of a resident.

    Please act now.

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  5. #135
    Senior Member Kris L. Christine's Avatar
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    [1] American Veterinary Medical Association, Veterinary Biologics, June 2007, “Rabies Vaccination Procedures”

    [2] Schultz, Ronald D.; What Everyone Needs to Know about Canine Vaccines, October 2007, http://www.puliclub.org/CHF/AKC2007C...20Vaccines.htm

    [3] Frana, Timothy, et als. Postmarketing Surveillance of Rabies Vaccines for Dogs to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy, The Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association April 1, 2008 issue, Vol. 232, No. 7

    [4] Dodds, W. Jean Vaccination Protocols for Dogs Predisposed to Vaccine Reactions, The Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, May/June 2001, Vol. 37, pp. 211-214

    [5] Duval D., Giger U.Vaccine-Associated Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia in the Dog, Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 1996; 10:290-295

    [6] American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Executive Board, April 2001, Principles of Vaccination, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Volume 219, No. 5, September 1, 2001.

    [7] Vascelleri, M. Fibrosarcomas at Presumed Sites of Injection in Dogs: Characteristics and Comparison with Non-vaccination Site Fibrosarcomas and Feline Post-vaccinal Fibrosarcomas; Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Series A August 2003, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 286-291.

    [8] Moore, George E. et als., Adverse events diagnosed within three days of Vaccine Administration in Dogs, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol 227, No. 7, October 1, 2005

    [9]Meler, Erika & Pressler, Barrak; Research Updates: Investigating the Impact of Vaccine Administration Site Changes in Cats DVM360 October 1, 2009

    [10] IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: Volume 74, World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Feb. 23-Mar. 2, 1999, p. 24, 305, 310.

    [11] Vascelleri, M. Fibrosarcomas at Presumed Sites of Injection in Dogs: Characteristics and Comparison with Non-vaccination Site Fibrosarcomas and Feline Post-vaccinal Fibrosarcomas; Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Series A August 2003, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 286-291.

    [12] American Animal Hospital Association Canine Vaccine Task Force. 2003 Canine Vaccine Guidelines, Recommendations, and Supporting Literature, 28pp. and ibid. 2006 AAHA Canine Vaccine Guidelines, Revised, 28 pp.

    [13] Texas Department of Public Health, Zoonosis Control; The White Paper, Options for Rabies Vaccination of Dogs and Cats in Texas, 2002
    Kris L. Christine
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    www.RabiesChallengeFund.org

  6. #136
    Senior Member Kris L. Christine's Avatar
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    RHODE ISLAND Rabies Control Board meets February 22 at 9:30 a.m. Room 370, Division of Agriculture, 235 Promenade Street, Providence-- New 3 year rabies regulations to be discussed. http://sos.ri.gov/documents/publicin...2010/84585.pdf Concerned pet owners should make every effort to attend this meeting and ask their friends to do the same.

    If you cannot attend the meeting, but want to voice your opinion, please contact the Chair of the Board, RI State Veterinarian, Dr. Scott Marshall at scott.marshall@dem.ri.gov phone: (401) 222-2781 ext. 4503 and ask that the regulatory change to the 3 year protocol be made effective as soon as possible.
    Kris L. Christine
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  7. #137
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    Exclamation

    Rhode Island -- 3 Year "Transition Policy" announced by State Vet 2/21/10

    New R.I. Rabies Regulations Close to Approval, Providence Journal 2/21/10 http://www.projo.com/health/content/...3.36f414d.html

    "New rules, expected to go into effect about March 16, change the mandatory vaccination period from two to three years.

    In the meantime, the state veterinarian, Dr. Scott Marshall, has created a transitional policy so that pets now protected arenít reimmunized unnecessarily just because the old regulations have not yet expired. "


    If you have questions about the transition policy, contact Dr. Scott Marshall at scott.marshall@dem.ri.gov phone: (401) 222-2781 ext. 4503
    Kris L. Christine
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    www.RabiesChallengeFund.org

  8. #138
    Senior Member Kris L. Christine's Avatar
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    Duration of Immunity to Canine Vaccines:
    What We Know and Don't Know


    Ronald D. Schultz, Professor and Chair
    Department of Patho-biological Sciences
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison


    It has been common practice since the development of canine vaccines in the late 1950's to administer them annually. The recommendation to vaccinate annually was based on the assumption that immunity would wane in some dogs, thus to ensure immunity in the population, all dogs required revaccination since it was not practical to test each animal for antibody. Little or no research has been done to demonstrate that the practice of annual revaccination has any scientific value in providing greater immunity than would be present if an animal was never revaccinated or was revaccinated at intervals longer than one year.

    In 1978 we recommended an ideal vaccination program would be one in which dogs and cats would be revaccinated at one year of age and then every third year thereafter (1). That recommendation was based on a general knowledge of vaccinal immunity, especially the importance of immunologic memory and on duration of protection after natural sub clinical or clinical infections as well as on limited studies we had performed with certain canine and feline vaccines. Since the mid 1970's we have done a variety of studies with various canine vaccines to demonstrate their duration of immunity. From our studies it is apparent, at least to me, that the duration of immunity for the four most important canine vaccines (core vaccines) that the duration of immunity is considerably longer than one year. Furthermore, we have found that annual revaccination, with the vaccines that provide long term immunity, provides no demonstrable benefit and may increase the risk for adverse reactions. We have assessed duration of protective immunity primarily by two procedures; the first is held to be the "gold standard and that is to challenge the vaccinated animal with the virulent organism, the second method is to measure antibody and compare the antibody titer to that which is known to prevent infection (e.g. provide sterile immunity). The studies we report here include challenge studies as well as studies that determine antibody titers. A summary of our results show the following (Table 1).



    Table 1: Minimum Duration of Immunity for Canine Vaccines

    CORE VACCINES

    Table 1: Minimum Duration of Immunity for Canine Vaccines

    Vaccine / Minimum Duration of Immunity / Methods Used to Determine Immunity

    Canine Distemper Virus (CDV)

    Rockborn Strain 7 years/15 years challenge/serology
    Onderstepoort Strain 5 years/9 years challenge/serology

    Canine Adenovirus-2 (CAV-2) 7 years/9 years challenge-CAV-1/serology
    Canine Parvovirus-2 (CPV-2) 7 years challenge/serology

    Canine Rabies 3 years/7 years challenge/serology


    NON-CORE VACCINES

    Canine parainfluenza
    3 yrs. serology
    Bordetella bronchiseptica 9 months challenge
    Leptospira interrogans ser. canicola ?
    Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiac ?
    Borrelia burgdorfen
    1 yr. challenge
    Giardia ?
    Canine Coronavirus
    Lifetime (whether vaccinated or not vaccinated) Challenge / serology

    The minimum duration of immunity data does not imply that all vaccinated dogs will be immune for the period of time listed, nor does it suggest that immunity may not last longer (e.g. the life of the dog). The percentage of vaccinated animals protected from clinical disease after challenge with canine distemper virus, canine parvovirus and canine adenovirus in the present study was greater than 95%.

    Although there is much more that we need to know about duration of immunity to canine vaccines the information we have at present provides adequate justification for the vaccination recommendations that I and others have made and continue to make regarding frequency of vaccination (2)

    1. Schultz, RD. and F.W. Scott. Canine & Feline Immunization. In: Symposium on Practical Immunology. R.D. Schultz, Ed., Vet Clinics of N. Am., Nov. 1978, W.B. Saunders Co.

    2. Schultz, R.D. Current and Future Canine and feline vaccination programs. Vet Med 3: No. 3, 233-254, 1998.
    Kris L. Christine
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  9. #139
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    VIRGINIA HB322 Medical Exemption Clause Legislation

    VIRGINIA-- Medical Exemption Clause Legislation--HB 322 Rabies vaccination; exempts certain dogs and cats. http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp...322&Submit2=Go Introduced by Delegate Kenneth R. Plum passed the House UNANIMOUSLY Feb. 15, goes to full Senate floor this week.

    "Animal care; rabies vaccination. Requires the Board of Health to provide, by regulation, an exemption to the requirement that an owner of a dog or cat must have his animal vaccinated for rabies if the veterinarian determines that the dog or cat has an underlying medical condition that is likely to result in a life-threatening condition in response to the vaccination. "

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  10. #140
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    VIRGINIA--HB322 Rabies Medical Exemption Clause passed the House and Senate and has gone to Governor McDonnell for signature. Delegate Plum's office (703-758-9733) said it should be effective before mid-April!

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