In Everybody's Autobiography
(1937), the American expat Gertrude Stein expressed the futility of returning to her childhood home in Oakland, Calif., by writing, "There is no there there." The phrase has come to indicate something that is empty of meaning or substance.
People who make the mistake of listening to Obama's rhetoric often conclude there is no there there. His plans usually consist of sermons in which his voice rises and falls to emphasize phrases like "American exceptionalism" and "social justice." They are packed with promises, but lack substance as to how anything will be accomplished. People should stop listening; they should start watching, instead, because the substance of Obama is not at the podium, but in the regulatory and other agencies he is creating to enforce de facto law without going through Congress.
OBAMA'S POLITICAL METHODOLOGY
In his crusade for a second crack at the presidency, Obama made many promises. He pledged to create "1 million manufacturing jobs by 2016", to cut "oil imports in half by 2020," and "cutting in half the growth in college tuition over the next 10 years. The means to accomplish these goals consisted of vague references to reforming tax codes and establishing "a new network of 15-20 manufacturing innovation institutes," etc.
During his Sept. 6 speech to the Democratic National Convention, however, Obama gave particular emotional stress to one passage. "It will take more than a few years for us to solve challenges that have built up over decades. It will require common effort, shared responsibility, and the kind of bold, persistent experimentation that Franklin Roosevelt pursued during the only crisis worse than this one."
Obama has long prided himself on being a political reincarnation of FDR. For years, talking heads in the media have piled on to debate the similarities and differences between specific policies of the two presidents. This approach misses the point. Of course, their specific policies differ. The circumstances of their presidencies differ. For example, the outright confiscation of gold executed by FDR in 1933 is not likely to occur under Obama, because gold no longer serves the same political and economic purpose as it did in the 1930s; the U.S. is no longer on a gold standard.
The essential similarity lies in the political methodology of both presidents. The surface of the methodology is the application of charisma backed up by vague promises that bulge with noble phrases. The depth is the imposition of measures through backdoor means that bypass Congress and receive little to no public attention.
For example, during his presidency (1933-1945), FDR issued well over 3,000 executive orders. (The number varies depending on the type of order included.)
Generally speaking, an executive order is a presidential directive that implements policy, often by reinterpreting the Constitution or existing federal statutes. The order does not require participation by Congress and avoids public debate. Yet these orders are powerful political devices. For example, Executive Order 9066 authorized the internment of tens of thousands of Japanese-American citizens during World War II.
To date, the strongest methodology parallel has been the creation and expansion of regulatory agencies. A regulatory agency
is defined as "a public authority or government agency responsible for exercising autonomous authority over some area of human activity in a regulatory or supervisory capacity". In short, the agency dictates how life must be conducted in a sprawling range of areas from agriculture to human organ transplants, from airline travel to cutting hair.
The structures created under FDR were called alphabet agencies. Some were established by executive order, others by acts of Congress. More than a hundred government bodies dictated a New Deal for Americans that intruded government into virtually every corner of daily life. The alphabet agencies
included: the Housing Authority, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), the Farm Security Administration (FSA), and what later became the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The power vested in them was immense. For instance, the director of the Office of Censorship could censor international communications at "his absolute discretion." Many, like the Social Security Administration, had a profound impact on the basics and organization of American life that lasts to this day.
Under Obama, a similar proliferation of regulatory agencies and "czars" has occurred. "Czar" is the unofficial and popular label given to a high-level official appointed by the executive branch to oversee a policy or agency. For example, Obama's intellectual property enforcement coordinator is usually referred to as the copyright czar. (The term came into popular usage during FDR's tenure.) The number and faces of Obama czars vary widely over time, but as of May 23, there were 57 of them.
On Nov. 14, The New York Times
reported of Obama's second term, "Already, the Obama administration has been moving to install tougher regulators than it had in the early part of its tenure." The new regulators "are likely to be less intimidated by the specter of being hauled in front of Congress and yelled at, especially by House Republicans." Regulatory agencies and czars -- the enforcement arms of the executive -- will be paying no heed to Congress. And as long as they fly under the radar, they need not worry about public opinion. The agencies will be free to impose Obama's sweeping New Deal on America.